Climb Mount Kilimanjaro - Climbing Kilimanjaro Tanzania

Mount Kilimanjaro with its three volcanic cones "Kibo", "Mawenzi", and "Shira", is a dormant volcano in Tanzania It is the highest mountain in Africa and rises approximately 4,900 m (16,000 ft) from its base to 5,895 metres (19,341 ft) above sea level. The first recorded ascent to the summit of the mountain was by Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller in 1889. The mountain is part of the Kilimanjaro National Park and is a major climbing destination. The mountain has been the subject of many scientific studies because of its shrinking glaciers. Kilimanjaro rises approximately 4,900 m (16,000 ft) from its southern base in the plains near the municipality of Moshi to its summit height of 5,895 metres (19,341 ft). Kilimanjaro is the highest volcano outside South America. Climb Mount Kilimanjaro - Climbing Kilimanjaro Tanzania

Kilimanjaro is a large stratovolcano and is composed of three distinct volcanic cones: Climb Mount Kilimanjaro - Climbing Kilimanjaro Tanzania Kibo, the highest; Mawenzi at 5,149 metres (16,893 ft) and Shira, the shortest at 4,005 metres (13,140 ft). Mawenzi and Shira are extinct while Kibo is dormant and could erupt again. Uhuru Peak is the highest summit on Kibo's crater rim. The Tanzania National Parks Authority a governmental agency, and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization list the height of Uhuru Peak as 5,895 m (19,341 ft). That height is based on a British Ordnance Survey in 1952 Since then, the height has been measured as 5,892 metres (19,331 ft) in 1999, 5,891 metres (19,327 ft) in 2008, and 5,888 metres (19,318 ft) in 2014.

There are seven established routes to climb Mount Kilimanjaro

Marangu route

Machame,

Lemosho,

Shira,

Rongai,

Northern Circuit and Umbwe.

The Marangu,

Machame, and Umbwe routes all approach from the south of the mountain (Mweka is used only for descent). The Lemosho, Shira and Northern Circuit routes approach from the west. The Rongai route approaches from the north. The illustrations below depict a three-dimensional view of Kilimanjaro's climbing routes and a close up of the approaches to the summit.